Tennessee‘s largest city, KNOXVILLE, (WATE) – The economy was thriving in the United States in April 1950. Elvis Presley was on the radio, and the 1950 U.S. Census Bureau took a picture of a generation that would go on to be known as the Baby Boomers.
As a result of a law passed in 1970, census records cannot be released to the public until 72 years following the date of their collection. The 1950 census data will be made available to the general public for the first time on April 1. An unprecedented decade of change in the United States is expected to be reflected in data.
The effects of World War II and the birth of the Baby Boomer generation will be revealed in the 1950 census. A census bureau study found that households in the area had an average income of $3,300. The suburbs became fashionable. A record number of newborns were being born. The G.I. Bill helped make housing and college more affordable.
More than 6,000 men and women from Tennessee were killed in World War II and were not counted in the census taken in 1950. For the first time, the population of Oak Ridge, a secret city, will be made public.
Webinars are being offered by the National Archives to help people prepare for the release. There is no need to create an account.
How can I find census information?
Preparing records for public release by digitizing them at the National Archives has never been easier. April 1 will see the release of new census records via a link on the National Archives’ 1950 Census webpage.
The new website features a search tool powered by AI/ML. To transcribe handwritten names from census records, an Optical Character Recognition (OCR) tool is being employed. Is the spelling of my great-name grandfather’s wrong? That’s OK. A transcribing tool will allow users to submit changes to their names.
On the day of the publication, the Archives will also make the 1950 census data available for mass download.
As a result, researchers could examine the information as a whole, and genealogy societies and businesses could post information on their members online.
What Kind of Information May Be Found in the U.S. Census of 1950?
This year’s census was conducted from April 1 to June 30. There were just 1% of people who were not counted when the census was completed, according to National Archives estimates See the original survey.
In each census from 1850 to 1950, six questions were asked: Name, age, gender, race, occupation, and place of origin. Beginning in 1890, questions on a person’s relationship to the household’s head and citizenship status were included.
Compared to 1940, 1950 saw a significant increase in the number of sample questions. At the bottom of the page, there are further questions, and their responses are noted there. These additional questions were only given to six of the 30 people who were recorded on a single page.
How much money they earned in 1949 and how much money their family members earned from the same sources were some of the questions asked of those six people.
This year’s questionnaire included questions about World War I and World War II, as well as any other period in which a person served in the armed forces in the past. The Census Bureau points out that women were not asked this question. When questioned about their previous job’s title and industry, only the person on the page’s final example line was able to provide an accurate response.
“Infant cards” were introduced in the 1950 census for the first time. These small yellow cards, filled out by the parents of newborns born in 1950 in January, February, and March, are all that remain. According to census officials, a considerable number of newborns were not counted in earlier enumerations.
A lot of work was put into compiling a list of Americans working or residing overseas, including service members, government employees, and people working on ships at sea or in foreign ports.
The questionnaires used by residents of the U.S. territories of Puerto Rico, Hawaii, Alaska, American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands were distinct from those used by residents on the mainland. The U.S. Census Bureau received assistance from the Department of Defense in collecting data when the latter was conducting fieldwork abroad.
Post-enumeration surveys were done for the first time to verify the accuracy of the data.
Why does the United States undertake a census?
Drawing legislative districts, determining how many representatives each state has in Congress, and allocating federal funding to states and local governments all rely on census data.
To plan parks, schools, and hospitals, local and state governments rely on census data. It aids businesses in determining where grocery stores are most in demand. During home games, Neyland Stadium has a larger population than all but 13 Tennessee counties, according to 2020 Census data.