The New York patient seemed to have a strain of the virus that came from the vaccine, even though they hadn’t left the country.
A young adult from New York who hadn’t been vaccinated recently got polio. This is the first case of polio in the US in nearly a decade, health officials said Thursday.
The patient, who lives in Rockland County, had become paralyzed, officials said. County health officials say the person started having symptoms a month ago and has not been out of the country recently.
Officials say it looks like the patient had a strain of the virus that came from the vaccine. This could have come from someone who got a live vaccine, which is available in other countries but not in the US, and then spread it.
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The person is no longer thought to be contagious, but investigators are still trying to figure out how the virus got there and if anyone else was exposed to it. Jennifer Nuzzo, who studies pandemics at Brown University, said that this should be a wake-up call for people who haven’t been vaccinated against polio.
“This is strange. Nuzzo said, “We don’t want to see this.” “It’s nothing to worry about if you’ve been vaccinated. But if you haven’t gotten your kids vaccinated yet, it’s very important that you do so.”
Health officials in New York have set up vaccination clinics for Friday and Monday and are encouraging anyone who hasn’t been vaccinated to do so.
At a news conference on Thursday, Rockland County Health Commissioner Patricia Schnabel Ruppert said, “We want shots in the arms of those who need it.”
Polio used to be one of the most feared diseases in the United States. Every year, it caused thousands of people to become paralyzed. Children are most likely to get this disease.
Vaccines became available in 1955, and a national vaccination campaign cut the number of US cases each year to less than 100 in the 1960s and less than 10 in the 1970s, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Polio was declared gone in the US in 1979, which means it was no longer spread regularly. Polio has only been brought into the US by travelers a few times. The last time this happened was in 2013 when a seven-month-old Indian baby who had just moved to the United States was diagnosed in San Antonio, Texas. This child also had the type of polio that is found in the live vaccine used in other countries.
There are two different kinds of polio shots. The US and a lot of other places use shots made with a version of the virus that has been turned off. But in some countries where polio has been a threat more recently, children are given drops of a weakened live virus. In rare cases, a virus that has been weakened can change into a form that can cause new outbreaks.
The inactivated vaccine is still used to protect US children against polio. Federal officials say that the vaccine should be given in four doses: at two months, four months, six to 18 months, and four to six years. In some states, you only need three.
According to the CDC’s most recent data on childhood vaccinations, about 93 percent of two-year-olds had received at least three doses of the polio vaccine.
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Polio mostly spreads from person to person or through water that is contaminated. It can get into a person’s spinal cord and make them paralyzed or even cause them to die.
In the last few years, Rockland County, in the northern suburbs of New York City, has been a center for vaccine resistance. 312 people got measles there during an outbreak in 2018-2019.
Last month, health officials in Britain told parents that their kids should get vaccinated because the polio virus was found in sewage samples from London. There were no reports of paralysis
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