Is Abortion Legal in Kansas? As long as the state constitution is not changed, abortion will continue to be lawful in Kansas. A pregnant person’s right to personal autonomy is protected by the state constitution, even though the state has passed various abortion restrictions.
National Background and Context
Abortions are obtained by a wide range of persons each year in the United States. In the United States, 862,320 abortions were performed in clinical settings in 2017. In the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision, the U.S. Supreme Court acknowledged the constitutional right to abortion, which has since been upheld in other rulings.
However, as more states have passed legislation restricting access to abortion since 2010, the abortion landscape in the United States has become more restrictive. States passed 483 new abortion restrictions between January 1, 2011, and July 1, 2019, making up roughly 40% of all abortion restrictions enacted by states in the decades following Roe v. Wade.
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The most typical state-level abortion restrictions include those requiring parental notification or consent for minors, funding restrictions, mandatory counseling intended to discourage people from getting abortions, waiting periods before abortions, and unnecessarily onerous regulations on abortion facilities.
•In 2017, there were around 862,320 abortions performed in the US. As a result, there were 13.5 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age (15–44), an 8 percent drop from the 14.6 abortions per 1,000 women in 2014.
•There were 6,830 abortions performed in Kansas in 2017, but not all of them were performed on state citizens; some patients may have come from other states, and some Kansas citizens may have left the state for an abortion. Between 2014 and 2017, Kansas’ abortion rate dropped by 5%, from 12.9 to 12.2 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age. 0.8 percent of all abortions in the United States are performed in Kansas.
Medical Centers for Abortion
•In 2017, 1,587 facilities in the US performed abortions, which is a 5% drop from the 1,671 facilities in 2014. In 2017, 16% of facilities (i.e., clinics where more than 50% of patient visits were for abortions) were abortion clinics, 35% were non-specialized clinics, 33% were hospitals, and 16% were private physician offices. 60% of all abortions were performed at abortion clinics, 35% in general practice clinics, 3% in hospitals, and 1% in doctor’s offices.
•In 2017, Kansas had four abortion-related facilities, 4 of which were clinics. These figures showed no change in the number of clinics from 2014, when four facilities offered abortions, four of which were clinics.
•In 2017, there were no abortion clinics in 89% of American counties. In those counties, 38% of women of reproductive age resided, meaning they would have had to travel elsewhere to get an abortion. One-third of patients who received an abortion in 2014 had to travel more than 25 miles to get there.
•In 2017, 61 percent of Kansas women lived in counties with no abortion clinics, representing around 98 percent of the state’s counties.
As of June 28, 2022, the following abortion restrictions were in place in Kansas:
- A patient must wait 24 hours after receiving state-mandated counseling that includes information meant to persuade her against getting an abortion before having the procedure performed.
- Unless people pay extra for an optional rider, private insurance policies only cover abortion when a person’s life is at risk.
- The Affordable Care Act’s health plans can only include coverage for abortion in situations where the woman’s life is at risk.
- Only situations where the woman’s life is in danger are covered by insurance coverage for public employees.
- It is not permitted to employ telemedicine to carry out medication abortion.
Breaking News: Kansans rejected an amendment removing the right to abortion from the State Constitution, a backlash to the end of Roe v. Wade. https://t.co/yp1vmo2lDZ
— The New York Times (@nytimes) August 3, 2022
- Before an abortion can be performed, the minor’s parents must provide their approval.
- Only in situations involving imminent risk to life, rape, or incest is public funding for abortion allowed.
- Before getting an abortion, a patient must get an ultrasound, and the doctor must give them a choice to see the image.
- Only in situations where the mother’s life or seriously weakened physical condition are at risk can abortion be carried out at 20 or more weeks postfertilization (22 weeks following the previous menstrual cycle). This regulation is founded on the unsupported claim that a fetus can experience pain at that stage of pregnancy, which has been disproven by scientific research and the medical profession.
- The state forbids abortions carried out for sex discrimination.
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