When your body’s immune system attacks your tissues and organs, it develops the disease lupus (autoimmune disease). Lupus-related inflammation can impact a variety of bodily functions, including your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart and lungs.
Because of how frequently its signs and symptoms resemble those of other illnesses, lupus can be challenging to diagnose. In many but not all cases of lupus, the most recognizable lupus symptom—a face rash that looks like butterfly wings expanding across both cheeks—occurs.
Some people are predisposed to lupus from birth, which can be brought on by illnesses, medications or even sunshine. Lupus has no known cure, however, medicines can help manage symptoms.
What Causes Of Lupus?
Numerous (but not all) scientists think that a confluence of internal and external elements, such as hormones, genetics and environment, contribute to the development of lupus.
The body’s messengers are hormones. They control a large number of bodily processes. Because women account for nine out of every ten cases of lupus, experts have studied the connection between estrogen and the disease.
Estrogen is produced by both men and women, however it is produced in much greater amounts by women. Before their periods and during pregnancy, when estrogen production is at its highest, many women experience more lupus symptoms.
This might suggest that estrogen controls the severity of lupus in some way. However, there is no evidence linking estrogen or any other hormone to lupus. Studies on lupus-suffering women who used estrogen in postmenopausal therapy or birth control pills also revealed no discernible increase in disease activity.
In order to understand why women are more susceptible to lupus and other autoimmune disorders, researchers are now concentrating on variations between men and women that go beyond hormone levels.
Over 50 genes are linked to lupus. Most of these genes have not been shown to cause lupus, although they may contribute to it. Genes rarely help. Twins raised in the same environment and with the same genetic traits but only one develops lupus, illustrate this. Identical twins have a 30% probability of developing lupus, fraternal twins have a 5-10% chance.
Lupus can occur without a family history, although other autoimmune illnesses are likely. African, Asian, Hispanic/Latino, Native American, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander populations have a higher risk of lupus due to shared genes.
The majority of researchers today believe that a genetically predisposed person becoming exposed to an environmental agent, such as a virus or even a chemical, at an unplanned time causes the disease to manifest. Although a specific environmental agent has not yet been found by researchers, the concept is still a possibility.
While the exact causes of lupus flare-ups are unknown, the most frequently mentioned environmental factors are exposure to silica dust in industrial or agricultural settings, infections (including the effects of the Epstein-Barr virus) and ultraviolet light (UVA and UVB).
Is Lupus Deadly?
Lupus is typically not fatal. In actuality, between 80 and 90 percent of those who have an autoimmune disease are expected to lead normal lives. However, some people do pass away from the illness, in which your immune system destroys the tissues and organs in your body.
Symptoms Of Lupus In Women?
Women make up the bulk of lupus diagnoses. Women typically have the typical lupus symptoms but they can also develop problems that affect different body areas. These complications can include heart disease, osteoporosis and kidney issues (which are more prevalent in African-American and Hispanic women than other populations).
Early Signs Of Lupus In Females
The list of potential symptoms of lupus in the following:
About 90% of lupus women report fatigue. An afternoon nap works for some but too much daytime sleep might cause insomnia at night. If you stay active and follow a schedule, you may be able to keep your energy up. Consult a doctor if you have severe weariness. Tiredness can be treated.
2. Unexplained Fever
Low-grade fever is an early indication of lupus. You may not see a doctor if the temperature is between 98.5 F (36.9 C) and 101 F (38.3 C). Lupus patients may have intermittent fevers. Low-grade fever can signal inflammation, infection or a flare-up. Recurrent low-grade fevers? See a doctor.
3. Hair Loss
Lupus typically causes thinning hair. Scalp irritation causes hair loss. Lupus causes clumping hair loss. Hair usually thins gradually. Some people lose beard, eyebrows, eyelashes, and body hair. Lupus can develop brittle, ragged hair, therefore it’s called “lupus hair.”
Lupus treatment stimulates hair growth. Lesions on the scalp can cause lifelong hair loss.
4. Skin Rash Or Lesions
One of the most noticeable signs of lupus is a butterfly-shaped rash that occurs over the bridge of the nose and on both cheeks. About 50 percent of persons with lupus have this rash. It might arise unexpectedly or manifest after exposure to sunshine. Sometimes the rash appears just before a flare-up.
Lupus can also cause non-itchy lesions in other parts of the body. Rarely, lupus can induce hives. Many patients with lupus are sensitive to the sun, or even to artificial illumination. Some notice discolouration in the fingers and toes.
5. Kidney Inflammation
Nephritis, an inflammation of the kidneys can occur in lupus patients. The kidneys have a tougher time removing waste and poisons from the blood when they are inflamed. The Lupus Foundation of America states that nephritis often starts five years after lupus first manifests.
- swelling in the lower legs and feet
- high blood pressure
- blood in your urine
- darker urine
- having to urinate more frequently at night
- pain in your side
Early signs could not be recognized. Monitoring kidney function is advised following diagnosis. Lupus nephritis that is not treated can progress to end-stage renal disease.
6. Pulmonary Issues
Lupus can cause lung inflammation. Lungs and blood vessels become irritated. Diaphragm can be affected. These illnesses can cause breathing-related chest pain.
Lupus breathing problems might shrink lungs over time. This illness causes chest discomfort and breathlessness. Vanishing Lupus Foundation of America says weak diaphragmatic muscles appear to rise in CT scans.
7. Painfull, Swollen Joints
Inflammation causes morning joint discomfort, stiffness and swelling. It may start mildly and go worse. Joint difficulties might come and go with lupus.
If OTC painkillers don’t work, see a doctor. Better therapies may exist. Your doctor must decide whether your joint pain is from lupus or arthritis.
8. Gastrointestinal problems
Heartburn, acid reflux or other gastrointestinal issues are occasionally experienced by certain lupus patients. An over-the-counter antacid can help with minor symptoms. Reduce the quantity of your meals and stay away from caffeine-containing beverages if you frequently have heartburn or acid reflux. Don’t lay down after eating, as well. To rule out other illnesses, visit your doctor if your symptoms persist.
9. Thyroid Problems
Lupus can cause autoimmune thyroid illness. The thyroid regulates metabolism. Unhealthy thyroid can impact the brain, heart, kidneys and liver. Weight increase or decrease can result. Dry skin, hair and moodiness are further symptoms.
Hypothyroidism is underactive thyroid. Overactive thyroid causes hyperthyroidism. There are metabolic treatments.
10. Dry Mouth, Dry Eyes
The condition lupus can cause dry mouth. You can have dryness and gritty eyes. That’s because Sjogren’s illness, another autoimmune disorder can develop in certain lupus sufferers. The salivary and tear producing glands can get clogged with lymphocytes due to Sjogren’s disease. Women who have lupus and Sjogren’s disease occasionally also have dryness of the vagina and skin.
How Is Lupus Diagnosed?
Due to the ambiguity of its symptoms, lupus is challenging to diagnose. Additionally, unlike other disorders, it cannot be identified by a single lab test.However, your doctor might consider your signs and symptoms as well as your family history before using lab testing to confirm a lupus diagnosis. Blood tests and other tests can also be used to monitor the condition and reveal how well a treatment is working.
What Are The 4 Types Of Lupus?
The four types of lupus are:
- Lupusdermatitis: Skin rash caused by lupus on the surface.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): The most severe form of lupus, it attacks the internal organs.
- Drug-induced lupus: Due to an overreaction to specific drugs including Apresoline (hydralazine), quinidine and Pronestyl, this kind of lupus develops. It resembles SLE.
- Neonatal lupus: An infant developing lupus after passively absorbing antibodies from a mother with SLE.
Early lupus symptoms
Lupus is an autoimmune disorder that can lead to inflammation, discomfort, issues with various bodily organs and systems and complications that can be minor or life-threatening. The body’s immune system assaults healthy cells in autoimmune diseases like lupus.
More than 1.5 million Americans have lupus, according to the Lupus Foundation of America. The prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus is about 70%. The entire body is affected by systemic lupus erythematosus which can affect practically any organ or tissue, including the skin, hair, muscles, joints and digestive tract.
Lupus is now incurable. Lupus treatment focuses on managing your symptoms and reducing the amount of harm the illness causes to your body. Lupus cannot be cured, however it can be managed to lessen its negative effects on your life.
- 1 What Causes Of Lupus?
- 2 Is Lupus Deadly?
- 3 Symptoms Of Lupus In Women?
- 4 Early Signs Of Lupus In Females
- 5 1. Fatigue
- 6 3. Hair Loss
- 7 How Is Lupus Diagnosed?
- 8 What Are The 4 Types Of Lupus?
- 9 Early lupus symptoms