Francis, Pope (born Jorge Mario Bergoglio, 17 December 1936) is the leader of the Catholic Church. Since 13 March 2013, he has served as the bishop of Rome and the only ruler of the State of Vatican City.
Francis is the first Jesuit pope, the first pope from the Americas, the first from the South, and the first pope from outside Europe since Gregory III, a Syrian who ruled in the eighth century.
Bergoglio started out his career in Buenos Aires, Argentina, as a janitor and a bouncer before he went to chemistry school and eventually became a technician in a food science lab.
He was motivated to join the Jesuits in 1958 after recuperating from a serious illness. In 1969, he was given the holy priesthood, and from 1973 to 1979, he led the Jesuits in Argentina as provincial superior.
In 1998, he was appointed Archbishop of Buenos Aires, and in 2001, Pope John Paul II elevated him to the rank of cardinal. During the riots that took place in Argentina in December 2001, he was in charge of the country’s Christian community.
Who is the Current Pope?
Francis, born Jorge Mario Bergoglio in Argentina, succeeded Pope Benedict XVI as head of the Roman Catholic Church in March 2013. Pope Francis is the 266th Pope in the history of the Catholic Church, although he is the first in certain ways, as reported by Catholica.
As the first Pope to take the name Francis, he also holds a number of firsts, including being the first Pope to originate from the Americas and the first Pope to come from outside Europe in 1272 years (which originates from Saint Francis of Assisi).
Why did Pope Benedict Resign?
On April 19, 2005, Benedict XVI was elected as Pope to follow the well-revered Pope John Paul II. Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, later known as Pope Benedict, served as head of the Vatican’s Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith for 25 years (their doctrinal office).
His public image suffered during his eight-year papacy because of scandals such as claims that he insulted Islam by implying it was intrinsically violent. He is described as a theological conservative.
According to the BBC, Pope Benedict’s stated reason for leaving was that his “advanced age” made it impossible for him to fulfill the responsibilities of his position. While some say he resigned because of personal differences, others say he left because of scandals like the ‘Vatileaks’ that erupted in 2012 and exposed corruption within the Vatican.
What is Benedict’s Condition?
During his weekly audience at the Vatican, Pope Francis requested prayers for his predecessor Benedict, revealing that Benedict, 95, was “extremely unwell.”
We don’t know the specifics of his illness at this time, but Vatican spokesman Matteo Bruni said his health “had worsened in the last few hours due to his age.” Doctors are monitoring him regularly, and the issue is currently under control.
Benedict Early Life and Education
Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the future Pope Francis, was born on December 17, 1936, in Buenos Aires, Argentina. His parents, Regina, a housewife, and Mario, an Italian immigrant, and accountant, had five children total.
Wilfrid Barón de Los Santos Angeles was his sixth grade school, and he then attended and graduated from Escuela Técnica Industrial N 27 Hipólito Yrigoyen, a technical secondary school, with a degree in chemical technology.
There have been some controversy surrounding Pope Francis. Among the most serious of these allegations included his possible complicity in the abduction of Jesuit priests Franz Jalics and Orlando Yorio during Argentina’s Dirty War.
But the lawsuit that Myriam Bregman, a lawyer specializing in human rights, filed against them was eventually thrown out. Francis has also been embroiled in controversy with the Kirchner government of Néstor and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, who saw him as a political opponent.
Theological conservatives have recently been critical of Francis for different ideological disputes.
In 2015, Francis published a progressive rock album titled “Wake Up! Music Album with His Words and Prayers,” which features a collection of Francis’s speeches set to music by a range of Italian artists performing hymns and prayers.
Many films have also been based on Francis. The 2015 films Francis: Pray for Me (Argentina) and Call Me Francesco (Italy) are both biographical dramas based on his life. In 2018, for his role as Francis in “The Two Popes,” Jonathan Pryce was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor.
Francis has also made appearances in the documentaries “Pope Francis: A Man of His Word,” directed by Wim Wenders, and “Francesco,” directed by Evgeny Afineevsky, in addition to the fictional films mentioned above.
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